Jaundice is a serious condition in dogs. It will turn the whites of the eyes, the gums, mucous membranes, and parts of his skin yellow.
There are three main causes:
The first arises before the blood passes through the dog’s liver, resulting in a breakdown of red blood cells. This can be caused by autoimmune haemolytic anaemia, haemangiosarcoma, heartworms, and zinc poisoning.
The liver may also be a source of jaundice. Hepatitis, cancer, viral, bacterial, and parasitic infections, toxins and certain drugs (especially corticosteroids), can give rise to hepatic (liver) based jaundice.
Finally, jaundice can arise when the flow of bile from the liver is blocked. This might involve the pancreas and gall bladder.
In addition to spotting the yellowish colour, you might also notice your dog drinking and urinating more, whilst also losing weight. Vomiting, diarrhoea and difficulty breathing are also possible.
Treatment will vary depending upon cause. In the most severe cases surgery will be required.
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